Occupational health – Overview


Occupational health | As we know, the Industrial Era started in the nineteenth 19th, or 20th centuries. During working in industries workers get injuries and injuries are fatal to health. In the 20th century, diseases like lung cancer, lack of breathiness, and cancer, originate these diseases.  While working in industries or factories chemical exposure, and long hours working can cause illness. As time passes, the industries and factories grow in numbers, the number of employees increases, and disease increases. 

Occupational Health

According to the World Health Organization, in recent years there have been over 170 million people recorded illness due to occupational health services.in 2019, almost five thousand people were recorded as sick due to working in industries. In 2024, there is a record of most of the people who failed their lives due to injuries. In 1974 the Health Safety Act was published in the United States. According to this act worker who is sick due to chemical exposure the staff can give him different packages like six months off, an advance 2 months’ salary, and a medical bill sponsored by them. 


The term refers to taking care of physical, mental, social, and emotional fitness, at the time of place while working is known as occupational health or safety.  It is abbreviated as OH. 


Different examples include:

  • Rashes due to Chemicals
  • Oily face acne
  • Respiratory situations
  • Hearing loss
  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Ulcers
  • Cancers
  • Eyes damage
  • Lung Cancer
  • Cardiac disease


Occupational health and safety plays a significant role in maintaining and managing the life and health of employees and provides them with good health rehabilitation through sessions. It is important for the workers, as any worker gets injured while working like a big loss of hearing, injury, or eye damage, their owner can provide them good medical healthcare. It promotes the fitness and well-being of employees.

Purpose of Occupational Health:

The purpose of occupational health includes different steps are explained below:

Monitoring health:

Occupational health provides a good opportunity to take care of employees’ health and needs regular checks if they are injured more badly, monitoring their reports and health regularly is necessary.

Safe Methods of Working:

According to the World Health Organization, it is necessary to use safe methods and safe equipment for their work performance. The machines that harm man’s health are banned from being used. If these prohibited machines or equipment are used there is an emergency number to call to report them.

Provide Guideness to Employees:

Occupational health awareness is used to provide a beneficial life for employees and provide guidelines to the workers and employees on how to work and how types of equipment are used. These guidelines are advantageous to the worker’s health or safety.

Easily accepted sick leave:

Occupational health aims to provide easy leave to workers who are sick from different illnesses and provide healthcare services and free medical checkups. Occupational health services play a crucial role in health workers and aim to provide free meals and bonuses.

Related Topic=The Importance of Mental Health Awareness

Types of Occupational Health:

There are four types of occupational safety or health:

  1. Physical 
  2. Chemical
  3. Biological 
  4. Ergonomic

Chemical Hazardous:

Chemical hazards include chemical exposure, and toxic chemicals, that are used in different industries and factories like smoke, polluted water released from industries, a smog released from factories are injurious to the health of workers and employees.

Occupational Health

Physical Hazardous:

The physical risks arise from using harmful machines and techniques noise causes hearing loss, fever, and high blood pressure, and radiation from the direct sun is harmful to human health. It includes muscle disorders or diseases.


It includes viruses, fungi mold, and medicines for insect bites that are harmful to the health of humans and workers.

Ergonomic Hazardous:

It provides strain stress depression to over body. A person falls into short-term memory loss stress conditions. Due to this purpose, worker’s health is harmed by these processes

Frequently asked questions(FAQs):

What are the tips for workplace safety rules?

 Some principles are applied to your work like the work area should be clean and free of accidents place, avoid injury, places, not use of alcohol or irrelevant medicine, if the person does not train then any user special types of equipment or tools, use safety kit at the location if you feel space is uncomfortable then you must talk to your owner to change the location for working.

What efforts are to be made to prevent occupational health?

Occupational health is important for the workers and employees. So, it is important to choose a place that is full of safe, not hazardous places, and choose that place or equipment or tools that are noise-free. Choose that type of equipment or workplace that is environmental stress, or depression and it is important to keep regular checkups of employees. These factors can make good occupational healthcare services.  

Who is managing the protocols of occupational health?

Employees and workers that are working here are responsible for maintaining the protocols like how to use types of equipment give them training, what safety precautions about types of equipment to be taken, what type of workspace would be chosen, by providing sessions of proper health, by regular check-ups, by telling the workers how to do work and how much made distance between you and machine. Last but not least providing them with a good lesson in protocols that are to be used and are taking them compulsory.


Overall, according to my point of view, occupational health is not only advantageous for the health of workers and employees but also promotes our society it brings our society toward the path of success. Occupational healthcare services protect workers from every type of hazard whether physical, mental, emotional, or as well as social. It not only provides healthcare services but also provides the safety of employees,  and reduces the cost.

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